Original Research

Pytochemical profile of Aloe ferox Mill. across different regions within South Africa

Sipho Goge, Karishma Singh, Lisa V. Komoreng, Roger M. Coopoosamy
Journal of Medicinal Plants for Economic Development | Vol 7, No 1 | a178 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jomped.v7i1.178 | © 2023 Sipho Goge, Karishma Singh, Lisa V. Komoreng, Roger M. Coopoosamy | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 July 2022 | Published: 17 March 2023

About the author(s)

Sipho Goge, Department of Botany, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Science, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
Karishma Singh, Department of Nature Conservation, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Mangosuthu University of Technology, Durban, South Africa
Lisa V. Komoreng, Department of Botany, Faculty of Agriculture and Environmental Science, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
Roger M. Coopoosamy, Faculty of Natural Sciences, Mangosuthu University of Technology, Durban, South Africa

Abstract

Background: Aloe ferox is an indigenous medicinal plant that is widely used for its various medicinal and pharmacological properties. Despite the medicinal importance and various applications of the species, it is surprising that little is known about the extent of geographical differences in its major chemical compounds. Also, the correlation between different geographic regions and variations in plant phytochemicals has received less attention.

Aim: This study sought to investigate the presence of biologically active compounds in the leaf extracts of A. ferox from different geographical regions across South Africa.

Setting: This study was set in different regions within South Africa.

Methods: Phytochemical screening was performed qualitatively using established standard procedures involving chemical reagents such as hexane, chloroform and methanol and a series of reactions to determine the presence of phytocompounds of biological importance.

Results: The study revealed that A. ferox leaves possess several classes of phytocompounds such as alkaloids, tannins, terpenoids, glycosides, phenolics, flavonoids, saponins and fixed oils and fats across various samples. Mucilage was absent across the samples.

Conclusion: The study revealed eight classes of phytochemical compounds present on A. ferox leaves in three different geographic regions, which is consistent with the previous studies; however, further research is needed to enhance the study through qualitative research, gas chromatography–mass spectrometry and high-performance liquid chromatography analyses to validate phytochemical variations and their therapeutic effects.

Contribution: This study contributes to the existing knowledge of the therapeutic Aloe genus.


Keywords

Aloe ferox; aloin; phytocompounds; traditional medicine; Xanthorrhoeaceae.

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