Review Article

Tetracarpidium conophorum (African walnut) Hutch. & Dalziel: Ethnomedicinal uses and its therapeutic activities

Ayeni E. Ayodeji, Nuhu Aliyu
Journal of Medicinal Plants for Economic Development | Vol 2, No 1 | a47 | DOI: https://doi.org/10.4102/jomped.v2i1.47 | © 2018 Ayeni E. Ayodeji, Nuhu Aliyu | This work is licensed under CC Attribution 4.0
Submitted: 27 November 2017 | Published: 24 May 2018

About the author(s)

Ayeni E. Ayodeji, Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria
Nuhu Aliyu, Department of Pharmacognosy and Drug Development, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria


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Abstract

The use of medicinal plants to cure many ailments has been a tradition in different parts of the world. Tetracarpidium conophorum (African walnut) belongs to the family Euphorbiaceae. It is an edible seed that is widely cultivated for its delicacy. All parts of the plant have been used ethnomedically. This article reviewed the ethnomedicinal, nutritional, phytochemical and some pharmacological activities of T. conophorum, because medicinal plants are our hope in achieving sustainable global statutory of health for all and a last resort in healthcare management in African countries. This review reveals previous findings and other pharmacological benefits of the African walnut towards its potential as food and drug development.

Keywords

Tetracarpidium conophorum; African Walnut; Ethnomedicinal; Phytochemicals; Pharmacological and Nutraceutical Benefits

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